Global warming is becoming a serious problem. Various actions, protests and demonstrations began in various countries to fight global climate change. In fact, the European Union (EU) is also required to allocate 25 percent of the budget and take concrete actions to fight global climate change.
So, how bad is global climate change now? And what is the condition of the earth now? Read it!
1. The carbon dioxide level in the atmosphere increases
The Climate.gov page records increasing levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. It is noted, the average carbon dioxide in the atmosphere globally is 405 parts per million (ppm). Current carbon dioxide levels are higher than anywhere else in the last 800 thousand years.
In fact, in the 1960s the growth rate of CO2 in the global atmosphere was around 0.6 ppm per year. But, over the past few decades, there has been an increase of up to 2.3 ppm per year. Carbon dioxide levels rise because of various human activities, such as fossil fuels (coal and oil) which are burned to obtain electrical energy or turn on vehicles, for example.
2. 2016 is the hottest year on record
NASA and NOAA released global average temperatures over the past decade. As a result, 2016 emerged as the hottest year!
The NOAA calculation shows that the increase in global average temperature is around 1.69 ° F (0.94 ° C), while NASA’s calculations are slightly higher, which is 1.82 ° F (1.01 ° C), according to the Climate Central page. This condition is warmer than in the years during the 20th century and should be our common concern.
3. 11 percent of gas emissions are a result of deforestation
The Conversation page notes 11 percent of the gas emissions produced due to deforestation. This term refers to forest destruction such as logging, deforestation and transfer of land.
Emissions generated from deforestation are estimated to be comparable to emissions from all cars and trucks from the planet. This gas is not only harmful to health, but also to the environment. Scary, isn’t it?
4. 800 million people are threatened by global climate change
Of the 7.7 billion inhabitants of the earth, about 11 percent of the population is vulnerable to the effects of global climate change. These 800 million people are estimated to be directly affected by drought, floods, heat waves, extreme weather and sea level rise, the Conversation page said. This number will continue to increase if we don’t prevent it!
5. Only 0.7 percent of the mangrove land on this earth
Mangroves have a vital role for the earth. However, the number is getting smaller from year to year. Recorded, 0.7 percent of the world’s forests are mangrove forests on the coast.
Although a little, mangrove forests save 10 times more carbon than tropical forests. In addition, the presence of mangroves is also important for the ecosystem and life of marine biota on the coast.
6. About 12 million hectares of forest in the world are lost throughout 2018
The BBC page says that there are around 12 million hectares of forest in the world lost throughout 2018. This amount is equivalent to 30 football fields per minute. Damage and deforestation occur throughout the world, ranging from tropical forests in the Amazon (South America), West and Central Africa, to Indonesia!
In fact, deforestation triggers the emergence of gas emissions that are harmful to the earth. Not only as an animal habitat and lungs of the world, forests also play a vital role in regulating global climate change.